First let's talk about where the word Kumaon came from. You will be surprised to know that this name is derived from the incarnation of Lord Vishnu's turtle. It belongs to the land of Kurmanchal or Kurmavatar.
Looking at its area, it extends to the northern end of the Gangetic plains and travels to Tibet. Kumaon has snow-capped mountains, shining water lakes and a variety of flora and fauna.
Kumaon is located in the north-Indian state of Uttaranchal (now Uttarakhand), which separates Nepal from the Kali River in the eastern region. The Kailash-Mansarovar region of western Tibet is seen in its northern backdrop while its border connects Chamoli and Pauri districts of the Garhwal region. Kumaon in the southern region is surrounded by Bareilly, Rampur, Moradabad, Bijnor and Pilibhit districts.
Kumaon has been buzzing with Kumaon tourists for a long time. There is evidence of the existence of Stone Age settlements at this place, which include stone shelters on Lakhu Udaar. You will feel yourself in the Mesolithic era by seeing the paintings found here. In the temple of Qatarmal, opposite Almora, you will feel the spiritual atmosphere. The Sun Temple located here is more than 900 years old. It was built during the fall of the Katyuri dynasty.
Do you know that the carved doors and panels had to be moved to the Delhi Museum? This work had to be taken full precaution as the idol of the deity of the 10th century disappeared. The Chand of Pithoragarh became the most popular dynasty a few centuries ago.
The magnificent temple complex of Jageshwar has a confluence of one hundred and sixty-four temples which were built in a grand manner by the Chand rulers over two centuries. This temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is surrounded by dense deodar forests and beautiful carvings are made on the walls of the temple.
By Air: Its nearest airport is at Pantnagar (Nainital). Regular flights come here during the summer season. Pithoragarh welcomes you with an open heart.
By Rail: The nearest railway to Nainital and Almora is the Kathgodam railway station. By Road: Kumaon is connected to many important cities by road.
Valley If you are fond of adventure then you should visit Kumaon Valley once in your life. There are three separate tracking areas for trackers in Kumaon. One can enjoy trekking in the Himalayan region, Almora, Ranikhet, Kausani, Chaukri mountains and Pithoragarh as well as the Kumaon hills as well as the Himalayan glacier trails along the Nainital district. The Nainital trek is fine for school children and easy tracking. Trekking is also easy and basic facilities are also available in Nainital which will make your trekking experience even more enjoyable.
However, if you want to enjoy a little wild trekking then you should visit the mountains of Almora, Ranikhet, Kausani, Pithoragarh and Chaukori. In the Himalayan glacier region of the Kumaon hills, you will find the way a bit boring and difficult but the rivers and the forests of Burans here will make you feel refreshed. These are some of the longer treks like the Ruinsara Tal trek in in the neighbouring Uttarkashi district. You can also enjoy rock climbing, paragliding, river rafting and mountaineering in this region of Kumaon.
Nainital is very beautiful, situated at an altitude of 1938 meters in the Kumaon Mountains. People come here for summer vacation from the capital of Uttar Pradesh. Tourists like Naini Lake the most here. It is said that this lake filled with light green water symbolizes the eye of Lord Shiva's wife.
You can also enjoy boating in this lake. A large number of tourists visit Nainital to get relief from the heat and the bustling life of the city. Here you can see 2270 meters high snow view from the chair view. You can also visit Nanda Devi situated at an altitude of 7817 meters from the beach.
The Hanuman Temple is also located at a distance of 3 km to the south from Tallital, from where one can get a very beautiful view of the entire hill.
Here you can visit the famous Jhula Devi temple and 3 km away from it, Bagan is located in Chaubatia. Tourists get delighted by visiting this beautiful hill station situated at an altitude of 1829 meters. The white Himalayas and Nanda Devi make this place special.
It is a very important military city and also houses the headquarters of the regiment of Kumaon. Tourists who come to this place are really relieved from the hustle and bustle of the city and feel like free birds by coming to the snow-covered Himalayan hills.
This is one of the few hill stations that were not built by the British and because of this, tourists love this place the most. Almoda, situated at an altitude of 1650 meters, was once the capital city of the Chand rulers of Kumaon about 400 years ago.
Tourists come to this place to spend more holidays because it is completely different from the hustle and bustle of the city.
This place is undoubtedly 'miniature Kashmir'. It is located in the eastern hill junction of Uttarakhand. Pithoragarh spread over a small valley is 5 km long but it is only 2 km wide. The Chand rulers of Kumaon are also related to Pithoragarh.
Pithoragarh is a typical site and is known as the 'Solar Valley'. Situated at an altitude of about 1650 meters above sea level, Pithoragarh offers beautiful views of Trishul, Nanda Devi, Panchachuli Group and even the Appi Mountains of Nepal. Appi mountain of Nepal is about 2000 meters from Chandak Hill.
Jim Corbett National is the oldest national park in India, which is situated in the lap of the Himalayas. Spread over an area of 520 sq km, this park is about 290 km from Delhi.The Ramganga River flows throughout this park.
The park has the largest tiger population. Carnivorous animals like leopards, elephants, bears and wild sambar are also found in it. Gharials and marshy crocodiles can be seen along the banks of the Ramganga.
You will not get the fishing permit in the interiors of the national park. The amazing Mahseer will be found in large numbers here. Apart from this, you can also enjoy Elephant Safari, Jeep Safari and Watchtower at Jim Corbett National Park. The best time to visit here is between November to May. It is not recommended to come here from mid-June to mid-November during the monsoon season.
For the railway route, the Ramnagar railway station is about 51 km from here and the nearest airport is Pantnagar (110 km).
After reading this article, your mind must also be looking at the snowy mountains and beautiful views of the Kumaon Valley.